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And so the wise men saw and adored the Child of the tribe of Judah, “of the seed of David according to the flesh (Romans 1:3),” “made from a woman, made under the law (Galatians 4:4),” which He had come “not to destroy but to fulfill (Matthew 5:17).” They saw and adored the Child, small in size, powerless to help others, incapable of speech, and in naught different to the generality of human children.

From Sermon XXXIV.III

What wondrous faith of perfect knowledge, which was taught them not by earthly wisdom, but by the instruction of the Holy Spirit! Whence came it that these men, who had quitted their country without having seen Jesus, and had not noticed anything in His looks to enforce such systematic adoration, observed this method in offering their gifts? Unless it were that besides the appearance of the star, which attracted their bodily eyes, the more refulgent rays of truth taught their hearts that before they started on their toilsome road, they must understand that He was signified to Whom was owed in gold royal honor, in incense Divine adoration, in myrrh the acknowledgment of mortality.

The gifts of the Magi, as related in the Gospel of Matthew 2:10-12, are gold, frankincense, and myrrh. These gifts of the Gentiles contain much symbolism of royalty, divinity, and death, but Saint Leo the Great best explains the significance of not only the gifts themselves, but the offering of these gifts:

Myrrh

Frankincense

Gold

Gold, Frankincense,
Myrrh